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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

8                                     PLOEA INDICA.
pergamentacea, integerrima vel hinc inde grosse dentata, Panicuta decomposite,
multiflowe, strict®; bractea folios®, tripartite vel integrse, ovate. Sepala 4, ovalia,
mucronata, -fr-^-uncialia, extus dense tomentosa, inlus glabra. Stamina sepalis %
breviora j filament* plana, glabra; anttera elongate, connectivo longe apiculate.
Acfania compressa, marginata, substipitata, pilosa.
Though very near in general appearance to some of the forms of the next species,
the anthers are so peculiar that we cannot unite them. Our materials, however, are
rather imperfect; bat botanists in Birma and Western India will have it in their
power to compare the two species in a growing state, and to decide whether the one
now described, which is we think easily recognizable by its large, copiously-veined
leaves and larger flowers, be distinct from all the forms of C. Gouri&na. We have
examined the original specimen of (?. hedy$arifolia> DC., in the British Museum;
it is not in flower, but appears identical with the Bombay plant.
*
10. C. Gonriana (Eoxb. FL Ind. ii 670); glabriuscula, foliis
pinnatisectis vel bipinnatisectis (rarius ternatisectis) segraentis ovatis
vel oblongis acuminatis basi rotundatis vel corclatis membranaceis
superne lucidis, antheris brevibus muticis.—DC. Syst.i. 138, Prod.
L 3; Wall. Cat. 4673 !; W. et A. Prod. i. 2 !; WigJit, Ic. t. 933, 934,
Netigb. PI. t. 12. C. cana, Wall. Cat, 4672 1
HJLB. Lrdumetis India'tropicae, prsesertim montanse, a Zeylania!
et peninsula Malayana! "ad Bengal et Assam.! Behar! Dekhan! et
Concan!; in montibas Khasia, et secus basin Himalayas usque ad
flumen Jelam et montes Bajaori!—(PL hyeme.) (t;. v.)
DISTEIB. Per totam Indiana tropicam, usque ad insulas Philippinas!
Alte scandens, glaberrima, partes novelise plerumque sericeo-pubescentes. Folia
forma valde varia, integerrima vel grosse dentata, basi rotundata vel cordata, gla-
\berrima sparse _pilosa vel subtus ferrugineo-tomentosa. Panicufo decompositaj,
mojtiflorae, Iracteis minutis rarius foliaceis ovatis, ssepius elongate folia supcrantes.
ftetfs parvi, numerosissimi. Sepala ovalia, 2-3 lineas longa, extus vel marginc
tomentosa. Fttamenta plana, glabra. Anthera oblongse. Achenia, obluiigu, minus
compressa quam in affinibus, fiisco-pilosa.
Very widely diffused throughout tropical India, in mountainous districts, climbing
to a great distance over trees. A very variable plant, but not ci^ily divisible into
varieties; nor would it serve any good purpose to do so, as the broad and narrow
leaved forms occur at one time with entire, at another with dentate leaves, and
leaves of every shape are either glabrous or more or less pubescent underneath.
The leaves vary also much in amount of division; and in a series of specimens from
the Khasia mountains they are uniformly ternatipartite. These specimens, which
were all collected at once, were probably elongated shoots of a- luxuriant young
plant flowering for the first time, as the shape of the leaflets and the inflorescence are
not different from those of the ordinary forms. None of the species of continental
Mir are liable to be confounded with C. •Gouriana 3 the nearest is, C. grata,
aAsiJy distinguishable by its hoary pubescence and larger flowers. The broad-leaved
tomtnEoftt forms, however, approach very near to a plant which appears to be com-
roe>» in Java and Soutt China (a Javanzca, DC,?). The ordinary state of this
*p0ues is larger-flowered than C. Gouriana> and the leaves, which are bipinnate,
pinnate, or teroate, are soft and pubescent, without the shining surface which is
«h*r«cteristie «£ th* upper surface of the leaves of that species. They are also more
cut, stinetimes dot^y Jobed, but it must be confessed that we have entire-leaved
specimens be** u» Wkiuh are scarcely to be distinguished from O. Gouriana. The
botawsfs'of .Jav* or Ceyion (from which latter place* two imperfeet specimens in
Herb Fook. aw perhaps rtferahl* to the Javanese species) *2}, we hope, decide a
'          which urftrinnOMty flllr materials ore not sufficient.